The most linguistically well-grounded and widely accepted is from the Proto-Balto-Slavic root *mŭzg-/muzg- from the Proto-Indo-European * hence it was one of a few Slavic ū-stem nouns.
As with other nouns of that declension, it had been undergoing a morphological transformation at the early stage of the development of the language, as a result the first written mentions in the 12th century were has been formed, later it became a colloquial name for Russia used in Western Europe in the 16th–17th centuries.
Moscow is a major political, economic, cultural, and scientific centre of Russia and Eastern Europe, as well as the largest city entirely on the European continent.
It is recognised as one of the city's landmarks due to the rich architecture of its 200 stations.) (The Forty Soroks, "sorok" translates as forty, but here it is old name of district or parish, and "forty" in old Russian means not 40, but "great many"). In old Russian the word " However, there have been proposed several theories of the origin of the name of the river.
On the right bank of the Moskva River, at a distance of five miles (8.0 kilometres) from the Kremlin, not later than in 1282, Daniel founded the first monastery with the wooden church of St. By 1304, Yury of Moscow contested with Mikhail of Tver for the throne of the principality of Vladimir.
Ivan I eventually defeated Tver to become the sole collector of taxes for the Mongol rulers, making Moscow the capital of Vladimir-Suzdal.
Moscow is situated on the Moskva River in the Central Federal District of European Russia, making it Europe's most populated inland city.
The city is well known for its architecture, particularly its historic buildings such as Saint Basil's Cathedral with its brightly coloured domes.