Occurs predominantly in the mitochondrial matrix, but can occur in peroxisomes.
Oxidation of the fatty acid occurs at the beta-carbon, leading to the release of the preceding two carbon as acetyl Co A.
Oxidizing and reducing agents are key terms used in describing the reactants in redox reactions that transfer electrons between reactants to form products.
This page discusses what defines an oxidizing or reducing agent, how to determine an oxidizing and reducing agent in a chemical reaction, and the importance of this concept in real world applications. Also known as the electron acceptor, the oxidizing agent is normally in one of its higher possible oxidation states because it will gain electrons and be reduced.
Examples of reducing agents include the earth metals, formic acid, and sulfite compounds.
Exercise Identify the oxidizing agent and the reducing agent in the following redox reaction: \[Mn O_4^- SO_3^ \rightarrow Mn^ SO_4^\] Solution \(S\) is the reducing agent and \(Mn\) is the oxidizing agent.
The aerobic dissimilation of substrates with the production of energy and water; the transfer of electrons is accomplished through the respiratory chain, which uses oxygen as the final electron acceptor. a chemical reaction in which oxygen reacts with another atom, molecule, or compound to produce a new substance. a comprehensive term used to describe the loss of at least one electron from a molecule, ion, or atom.
A reducing agent, or reductant, electrons and is oxidized in a chemical reaction.
The terms ionic and covalent describe the extremes of a continuum of bonding.
There is some covalent character in even the most ionic compounds and vice versa.
Oxidizing and reducing agents are important in industrial applications.
They are used in processes such as purifying water, bleaching fabrics, and storing energy (such as in batteries and gasoline).