The decorative arts are arts or crafts concerned with the design and manufacture of beautiful objects that are also functional.
It includes interior design, but not usually architecture.
Maintaining an abundant stock of images on spec may have been a expedient to entice prospective buyers. , the brown (raw umber and/or black) dead-color filled two functions: the broader areas of dark brown paint represented the masses of shadows with the light buff color of the ground serving as the lights.
In the early , a carefully brushed underdrawing was followed by a monochrome dead-coloring in order to determine the essential forms of the composition.
Dammar varnish does yellow and crack, as all varnishes do, but less so than others.
The addition of Dammar in a paint medium adds brilliance and luminosity to color.
It is probable that the blue areas would have been subsequently glazed with the same ultramarine, this time in a dense, transparent medium in order to deepen and enrich their color.Decorum also determined that a pictorial or sculptural subject was suitable for an architectural setting, such as Vulcan's forge over a fireplace, or that kinds of buildings are fitting in urban or rural contexts or appropriate for persons of certain status.Liturgical functions influenced by decorum dictate the placement of paintings, mosaics and sculpture in religious buildings.The massive wooden window frame and the deep shadowed area of the carpet correspond rather closely to our idea of Vermeer's underpainting method.Neither of these two areas is defined according to the artist's habitual standard of finish.