The United States, pledged to contain rather than overthrow communism, does nothing. In the mid-50s, the Soviet Union seems to be forging ahead. Thousands seize the chance to flee the communist system. Nuclear strategy evolves into Mutual Assured Destruction, or MAD, in which both sides are guaranteed certain annihilation in the event of nuclear war. Western economies grow and prosper, fueled partly by armaments production. inner cities while rock music comes to express the mood of a disenchanted generation. In the Soviet bloc, communist rule stifles ambition and achievement. Afghanistan is a war that costs the lives of almost 15,000 Soviet conscripts and an estimated one million Afghans. The result is a Vietnam-style conflict which takes its toll on the Soviets and hastens the end of the Cold War. Early CIA attempts to penetrate the Iron Curtain are thwarted. After summits in Geneva, Reykjavik and Washington, the leaders agree to drastic arms cuts. Incredibly quickly, the Soviet bloc is breaking up, virtually without bloodshed. The balance of terror that has kept the peace for more than 40 years vanishes. Current policy area priorities and the new European identity are discussed. This program probes the issue of American involvement as the deciding factor in Germany's defeat. Putin, head of Russia's Federal Security Service (FSB), successor to the KGB, was appointed Prime Minister. Video/C 7788 (for other installments of series, see Global Issues and Events) Describes life in America after World War II, a time of rash optimism and neuroses.
In October 1957, the first Soviet satellite Sputnik orbits the earth--to the dismay and fear of the United States, frustrated by its own ineffectual space program. To keep their people in, the East Germans, with Soviet backing, build The Wall. Khruschev decides, with Castro's agreement, to install short-range and medium-range missiles in Cuba, only 90 miles from the U. The United States detects the missile sites and blockades the island. Rejecting their parents' affluence and the Cold War, many of the young protest and rebel. Soviet defense expenditure cripples economic growth. The young lust for totems of America's youth culture--blue jeans and rock-n-roll. Promising tougher measures against Moscow, Reagan defeats Carter for the presidency. First Poland, then Hungary, then East Germany slip away from communist control. The Cold War has ended without the use of nuclear weapons. On December 31st of that year, Boris Yeltsin announced that Putin would succeed him as President of the Russian Federation. DVD 6997 The impact of Marx on the 20th century has been all-pervasive and world-wide. Video/C 6169The optimism that fueled the early years of the 20th century vanished as America was drawn into "The war to end all wars." This program presents, through archival footage and first person accounts, the grim story of World War I--including the sinking of the Lusitania and the Bolshevik revolution, which led to Russia's withdrawal from the conflict--and the fruitless struggles of President Wilson, Who sought first to keep America out of the war and then, at its end, to forge a lasting and meaningful peace. Video/C 6346This segment explores the social and economic upheavals in the Ukrainian society since the fall of Communism with particular emphasis on the moral and economic dilemmas that face adolescents in the Ukraine today. While the dollar was strong and everyday life improved, the 1950's also saw the lowering of the Iron Curtain, the loss of China to Communism, the Korean War and the Red Scare.
Transforming industrial coreland: Liverpool, a new dawn. Each program contains case studies which characterize an individual region. East Looks West investigates Berlin's transition from a weakened and divided city to one of emerging importance and investigates the diffusion of democratic ideas throughout Poland.
Challenges on the periphery: Iceland, edge of the habitable world. A telecourse designed to build understanding of geography by examining eleven regions of the world and their interconnections. Supranationalism and Devolution examines the co-existence of French and German cultures in Strasbourg and economic and social adjustments in the recently created Slovakia and Czech Republics.
In 1961, the Soviets launch Yuri Gargarin into space. The superpowers confront each other; but rather than embark on nuclear war, they each step back. Vietnam has been divided since the end of French colonial rule. In Czechoslovakia, Dubcek attempts limited reform, but in 1968, Soviet force crushes the Prague Spring. Chinese communists win the longest civil war in 20th century history. Gorbachev makes no effort to hold them back with force. Video/C 5742 A short history of the European Union with emphasis on the changes which must occur if a number of Eastern European countries which have applied for membership are accepted. How Putin came to power traces the stunningly rapid ascension of this political unknown to leadership of the Kremlin as the result of a power struggle between factions of the country's ruling oligarchs and a behind-the-scenes political deal. This program looks at the man, at the roots of his philosophy, at the causes and explanations of his philosophical development, and at its most direct outcome: the failed Soviet Union. Video/C 806 Wolf pack: U-boats in the Atlantic, 1939-1944.
Challenges on the periphery: Iceland, edge of the habitable world. A telecourse designed to build understanding of geography by examining eleven regions of the world and their interconnections.
Whether fighting on the barricades of the failed Russian Revolution of 1905 or campaigning for votes for women; recalling the Paris Exposition of 1900, or President Mc Kinley's assassination or witnessing the sinking of the Titanic, all remember the changes they lived through and the clash of forces and ideas before World War I. Secretary of State George Marshall plans to bolster economic recovery in Europe. Britain cast out the conservatives and rang in the Labour Party. Discusses the post-World War II establishment of the Iron Curtain and the beginning of Cold War tensions which reached a climax with the 1948-49 Russian blockade of West Berlin.
Stalin insists that the governments of the Soviet Union's client states be pro-communist. Discusses the Nazi extermination camps and their brutality against Jewish and Slavic peoples.
The United States, backed by the United Nations, defends South Korea, and then is confronted by communist China. Germans, Poles and Hungarians attempt to rise against Soviet rule. New premier Gorbachev knows the Soviets can't match the U. Analyzes recent developments in Europe such as the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia, the weakening of the European Economic Community by the Middle East War and subsequent oil crisis, and the evolution of détente in relations between East and West. DVD 2810 [preservation copy]; Video/C 4895 In 1999 the fifteen EU member states made the decision to embark on enlargement of its membership to include a number of Central and Eastern European countries. After the mutiny within the French Army and revolution in Russia, the Germans were still firmly entrenched on the Western Front.
In mid-1951, the war grinds to a bloody stalemate but eventually an armistice is signed. In 1956, an uprising in Hungary is ruthlessly crushed by Soviet tanks. Within East Germany, Berlin is divided between East and West by an open border. and the Soviet Union are locked in a nuclear stand-off; each realizes that bombing the enemy could provoke retaliation and self-destruction. supplies billions of dollars of weapons to unlikely allies--Islamic fundamentalists. reacts with increasingly sophisticated technological intelligence--the U-2 spy-plane, satellite reconnaissance and electronic eavesdropping. Sometimes betrayers, sometimes betrayed, many spies pay with their lives. S., and wants to liberalize and reconstruct the Russian economy. Shorn of its empire and communist domination, Russia faces its future with its economy in chaos. At the 2001 Laeken Council, the EU member states decided on the formation of a Convention on the Future of Europe. The arrival of the United States forces in Europe would determine the outcome of the war.