In 1675, 47 Pueblo leaders are imprisoned in Santa Fe for sorcery; three are publicly hanged. 10, 1680, 2,000 Pueblos rise up in what becomes known as the Pueblo Revolt.
Hundreds from both sides die in the fighting; more than half of the Catholic priests are murdered. The son of a successful British admiral, William Penn is imprisoned six times for being a Quaker in Anglican England.
Banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony, Roger Williams establishes a colony he names "Providence" in present-day Rhode Island.
Williams had quarreled with Puritan authorities over their theology, their decision to remain within the Church of England and their failure to pay Native Americans for their land.
In 1624, King James officially charters Virginia as a royal colony.
Its inhabitants are required by law to be members of the Anglican Church and to pay taxes to support the church.
The bill is opposed by many who believe religion is essential to the cultivation of a moral citizenry and that religion will wither away without state support.
As the Baptist faith gains popularity, Virginia authorities begin to crack down.Like the Pilgrims, the English Puritans believe that the Church of England is corrupt.Unlike the Pilgrims, they do not break with the church, but remain a part of it.Williams' colony of Providence guarantees freedom of conscience and becomes a haven for religious dissidents.Outspoken, opinionated and well versed in the Bible, Hutchinson accuses the ministers of the Massachusetts Bay Colony of teaching false doctrine and asserts that God has spoken to her directly -- a claim considered heresy in Puritan theology.